Plants Identity

Scientific Name

Malus domestica Borkh.

Arabic name(s)


English name(s)







Malus Mill.


Malus domestica Borkh.



Growth form

The apple tree is a deciduous tree, generally standing to two meter height. The Apple tree belong to the family Rosaceae and is grown for its fruits, the apple.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Apple tress is one of the most famous cultivated tress in the world. The tree originated in Central Asia and it grown in many parts of the world where the climate is favorable.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Tofah "Apple" is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari: “Abu Talib departed to Ash-Sham, and the Prophet (SAW) left with him, along with some older men from the Quraish. When they came across the monk they stopped there and began setting up their camp, and the monk came out to them. Before that they used to pass by him and he wouldn’t come out nor pay attention to them.” He said: “They were setting up their camp when the monk was walking amidst them, until he came and took the hand of the Messenger of Allah (SAW). Then he said: ‘This is the master of the men and jinn; this is the Messenger of the Lord of the worlds. Allah will raise him as a mercy to the men and jinn.’ So some of the older people from the Quraish said: ‘What do you know?’ He said: ‘When you people came along from the road, not a rock nor a tree was left, except that it prostrated, and they do not prostrate except for a Prophet. And I can recognize him by the seal of the Prophethood which is below his shoulder blade, like an apple “. Sunan Al-Tirmdhi.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant

Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature


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Functional Uses





Traditional Uses


Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)

Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield