Sweet Basil


Sweet Basil

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Ocimum basilicum L.

Arabic name(s)

Rayyhan

English name(s)

Sweet Basil

Order

Lamiales

Family

Lamiaceae

Genus

Ocimum L.

Species

Ocimum basilicum L.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Basil is an evergreen herbaceous perennial plant.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Originally, basil is native to India and tropical regions in Asia, but now it is considered as a widespread medicinal and aromatic herb.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

The word Ar-Rayhan "basil" has been mentioned twice in the Holy Qur’an. Allah the Most Sublime Says: Thus, then, if he be of those Nearest to Allah, (There is for him) Rest and Satisfaction, and a Garden of Delights.” Surat Al-Waqeah, Verses # 88, 89

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Narrated by Abu Musa: The Prophet said, “and the example of a hypocrite who recites the Qur’an is like a Rayahana (sweet basil) which smells good but tastes bitter” Sahih Al Bukhari, book of food.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Foods

Products

Leaves

Traditional Uses

Services

Landscape Services

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References