Saffron / Saffron crocus


Saffron / Saffron crocus

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Crocus sativus L.

Arabic name(s)

Za’afran

English name(s)

Saffron / Saffron crocus

Order

Asparagales

Family

Iridaceae

Genus

Crocus L.

Species

Crocus sativus L.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Saffron is a perennial or an annual corm.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Saffron is native to Southwest Asia and it was first cultivated in ancient Greece. The Arabs had known the saffron from their commercial trips to the Indian continent even before Islam.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

The word Za'afran "saffron" is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Narrated by ‘Abdullah bin Umar: A person stood up and asked, “O Allah’s: Apostle! What clothes may be worn in the state of Ihram?” The Prophet replied, “Do not wear a shirt or trousers, or any headgear (e.g. a turban), or a hooded cloak; but if somebody has no shoes he can wear leather stockings provided they are cut short off the ankles, and also, do not wear anything perfumed with Wars or saffron, and the Muhrima (a woman in the state of Ihram) should not cover her face, or wear gloves.” Sahih Al Bukhari, book of the penalty of hunting while on Pilgrimage

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Flavors

Products

Traditional Uses

Services

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References