Christ thorn / Sidra


Christ thorn / Sidra

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.

Arabic name(s)

Sidr

English name(s)

Christ thorn

Order

Rosales

Family

Rhamnaceae

Genus

Ziziphus Mill.

Species

Ziziphus spina-christi (L.) Desf.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Christ thorn "Sidr" is a shrub, or evergreen tall tree.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Z. spina-christi is native to a vast area of Africa and naturalized in many tropical countries. In Qatar, Sidrah has been planted for windbreaks, sand dune fixation and reforestation of dry lands.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Sidr and its derivatives have been mentioned 4 times in the Holy Qur’an; Allah The Most Sublime Says; “But they turned away (from the obedience of Allah), so We sent against them Sail Al’Arim (flood released from the dam), and We converted their two garden (rows) into “gardens” producing bitter fruit, and tamarisks, and some few (stunted) Sidr.” Surat Sabaa, verse# 16

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Umm ‘Atiyya reported: the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) came to us when we were bathing his daughter, and he told us: Wash her with water and (with the leaves of) Sidr tree, three or five times, or more than that if you think fit, and put camphor or something like camphor in the last washing; then inform me when you have finished. So when we had finished, we informed him, and he gave to us his (own) under-garment saying:” Put it next her body.” Sahih Al Bukhari, book of the funerals.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Cosmetics

Products

Fruits

Traditional Uses

Services

Environment

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References