Umbrella thorn

Umbrella thorn

Plants Identity

Scientific Name

Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne

Arabic name(s)

Talh / Sayal

English name(s)

Umbrella thorn




Fabaceae / Mimosoideae


Acacia Mill.


Acacia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne



Growth form

Umbrella thorn is an armed desert tree or shrub.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

Umbrella thorn "Samor" is considered as one of the larger widespread trees prevalent in the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

The name of the plant is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Narrated Jubair bin Mutim: That while he was with Allah’s Apostle who was accompanied by the people on their way back from Hunain, the bedouins started begging things of Allah’s Apostle so much so that they forced him to go under a Samura tree where his loose outer garment was snatched away. On that, Allah’s Apostle stood up and said to them, “Return my garment to me. If I had as many camels as these trees, I would have distributed them amongst you; and you will not find me a miser or a liar or a coward. Sahih Al-Bukhari, book of fighting for the cause of Allah.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant

Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature


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Functional Uses



Traditional Uses


Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)

Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield