Umbrella Thorn

Umbrella Thorn

Plants Identity

Scientific Name

Acacia tortilis (Forsk) Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan

Arabic name(s)

Talh/ Sayal

English name(s)

Umbrella Thorn




Fabaceae / Mimosoideae


Acacia Mill.


Acacia tortilis (Forsk)


Hayne subsp. raddiana (Savi) Brenan


Growth form

Umbrella thorn is a medium umbrella-shaped tree.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

The plant is native to much of Africa and the Arabian peninsula, but it has been introduced in many arid parts of the world.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Talh "Umbrella thorn" is referred to once in the Holy Qur’an. The word Talh is a kind of thorny trees of Acacia. But Talh Mandoud is the tree has aggregated fruits like banana. Allah The Most Sublime Says; “The Companions of the Right Hand,- what will be the Companions of the Right Hand? (27) (They will be) among Sidrtrees without thorns,(28) Among Talh trees with flowers (or fruits) piled one above another(29)” Surat Al-waqi’ah, Verses 27-29

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Fadalah Bin Ubaid Said, I heard Omar Bin Al-Khatab says, that the Prophet Said “Martyrs are four Persons; One a Muslim whose faith is good, and who meets the enemy with fortitude, and hope of reward, till he is killed; then is a man to whom people look up at the day of resurrection. (Fadalah Says that Omar, in explaining this, raised his head up, in such a manner that his cap fell off) “ and the second is a Muslim, who meets his enemy horror struck, with his hair standing up, like the thorns of Talh (Acacia) tree, and an arrow pierces him from an unknown hand, and kills him; then this is a martyr of the second degree; the third is a man who has mixed good with bad actions, meets the enemy with fortitude and bravery, till slain; then this man is the third degree; the fourth, is a Muslim, but has surpassed all bounds in sinning, meets the enemy with fortitude and courage, till killed then he is in the fourth degree”. Sunan Al-Tirmdhi.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant

Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature


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Functional Uses



Traditional Uses


Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)

Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield