Tree of Jews


Tree of Jews

Plants Identity


Scientific Name

Nitraria retusa (Forssk.) Asch.

Arabic name(s)

Gharqad

English name(s)

The tree of Jews

Order

Sapindales

Family

Nitrariaceae

Genus

Nitraria L.

Species

Nitraria retusa (Forssk.) Asch.

Subspecies

Variety

Growth form

Nitraria retusa "Gharqad" is a salt-tolerant desert shrub.

Plant’s Description

Ecology (Habitat)& distribution

The plant is native to deserts and to sand dune areas of northern Africa, north of the Arabian Peninsula, Jordan and Palestine, where it grows in primary successions on barren sand dunes.

Geographic distribution

Plant’s Citations in the Holy Qur’an

Gharqad is not mentioned in the Holy Qur’an.

Other Citations for the plant in the Holy Qur’an

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) as saying: “The last hour would not come unless the Muslims will fight against the Jews and the Muslims would kill them until the Jews would hide themselves behind a stone or a tree and a stone or a tree would say: Muslim, or the servant of Allah, there is a Jew behind me; come and kill him; but the tree of Gharqad would not say, for it is the tree of the Jews.” Sahih Muslim , book of pertaining to the turmoil and portents of the Last Hour.

Other Citations for the plant in the Hadith

History of the Plant


Stories about the plant in Holy Qur’an

Stories about the plant in Sunnah

The plant in the Arabic Literature

Etymology

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Functional Uses


Uses

Products

Traditional Uses

Services

Medicinal uses

Constituents (Chemical composition)

Side Effects

Other Uses

Cultivation (Agriculture)


Cultivation History

Cultivars and Varieties

Growth and propagation

Tree management

Pests and diseases

Harvesting & Yield

References