The plants mentioned in the Qur’an and the Sunnah are sometimes unfamiliar to some readers. This is why the Qur’anic Botanic Garden, member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, has led this initiative to study these plants and disseminate information about them. This book is an effort to trace the etymological roots of the names of these plants and to provide readers with scientific information about them.
The Qur’anic Botanic Garden has succeeded in developing taxonomy of these plants dividing them into three categories according to their natural habitats. This information is published in this website, which is the first of its kind. In addition to the Arabic and English scientific names of these plants, this site provides basic information about them, such as their growth, habitat and geographical distribution, as well as discussions of the Qur’anic and Sunnah contexts where they occur.
The Qur'anic Botanic Garden includes about 60 plant species. Of those, 20 are mentioned in the Quran, including Al-Zaqqum and Al-Daria, both of which are plants that grow in hell; May God spare you and us. Since Al-Zaqqum is not a common name for a particular plant, we decided not to include entries for the species scientists claim to be its earthly counterparts. As for Al-Daria, it refers to a plant known to Arabs as Al-Shubruq, which is called Al-Daria when it dries up.
It is also important to note that some plant names actually refer to families of plants such as Al-Yaqtin, which refers to several types of gourds. The Prophetic tradition makes reference to 53 plants, including 37 that do not occur in the Quran and 14 that occur in both.
In addition to the plants of the hell, namely Al-Zaqqum and Al-Daria, the Qur’an mentions five plants that do not occur in the Sunnah. These are fig trees, gourds, Banana, lentil and ginger.